In details

The Major Brazilian Ecosystems (continued)

Mato Grosso Pantanal

Located in the Midwest region of Brazil, it comprises part of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. Area that represents the most important and known wetland in the world (the largest floodplain in the planet), with astonishing levels of animal biodiversity. It is influenced by several ecosystems, such as the cerrado, the Amazon rainforest, the Atlantic forest, as well as the cycles of drought and flood, and high temperatures. There are 140 thousand square kilometers in Brazil alone, equivalent to 5 Belgium or the territory of Portugal. It is home to alligators - about 32 million -, 365 species of birds, 240 fish, 80 mammals and 50 reptiles. More than 600,000 capybaras inhabit the region. The wetland is chosen as the landing of millions of birds, among them the tuiiús, the symbol bird of the region. The much rarer marsh deer are also part of the local fauna.

Southern Fields

The southern fields are country formations found in the south of the country, from the interior of Paraná and Santa Catarina to the south of Rio Grande do Sul. The southern fields are known as pampas, a term of indigenous origin meaning "flat regions". In general, there is a predominance of grasses, plants known as grass or grass. Animals such as the plague rat, cavy and various types of snakes are found there.

Southern Fields and Plated Rat.


The caatinga is located in most of the Northeast region. During the long dry season, the vegetation loses its leaves and becomes whitish. This fact originated the name caatinga which in the Tupi language means "white forest". Cacti, such as mandacaru, xique-xique and other plants, are typical of caatinga. The fauna includes the rattlesnake and boa constrictor, the skunk, the jackdaw, the catingue deer etc.

Rattlesnake and Mandacaru