The ulcers are ruptures in the surface of an inflamed or non-inflamed organ or tissue. Usually appearing on the stomach wall, is the most common digestive tract disease. It develops in the form of an off-white crater with a rough reddish rim. They can be shallow or deep, the size of a coin.
It may be caused by the imbalance between the action of acid and the protection of the mucosa lining the organ. Its most common symptom is pain that appears approximately one to three hours after meals, every day and at the same time. This pain may go away, but that does not mean it has healed, because at any moment the pain comes back in intense form.
The ulcer can be discovered by X-ray, endoscopy or gastroscopy. You can also combine the biopsy with the gastroscopy to check for the presence or absence of stomach cancer. Feeding an ulcerated person should be done at three small meals followed by light meals at intervals and antacids always avoiding foods that stimulate acid production.
The treatment is done with antacids, antibiotics and with dietary reeducation. Rest is an important factor in treatment as it avoids stress, tiredness, tensions and helps the stomach not to push blood vessels. In severe cases, surgery is required.
Between half and one third of the world's population carries the bacterium Helicobacter pylory, a slow bacteria that infects some stomachs and can cause ulcers and cancer in this area.
In order to prevent the disease we must take some dietary care, for example:
- reduce fried foods (give preference to boiled, roasted or grilled) and fatty foods in general, red meat, coffee, teas and alcoholic beverages;
- in salads, decrease or avoid pepper, salt and vinegar;
- reduce fluid intake at meals