In details

The need for mineral salts


The importance of certain chemical elements and mineral substances for human metabolism is becoming increasingly evident.

The table below summarizes the main chemical elements needed by the human body. Among them, the macronutrients are the ones we use in large quantities, while the micronutrientsin small quantities.

Macronutrients
Elements Main sources Main functions
Calcium Milk, eggs, vegetables, whole grains. Strengthen bones and teeth; act on blood clotting and muscle contraction.
Chloride (Cl ion)-) Meat, cooking salt. Act on digestion (HCl component of gastric juice) and nerve conduction.
Magnesium Vegetables, Meat, Whole Grains, Milk, Vegetables. Helps of the work of many enzymes.
Phosphor Eggs, meat, whole grains. Constituents of nucleic acids and ATP, constituent of bones, together with calcium.
Potassium

Meat, whole grains, fruits, eggs and vegetables.

Participate in nerve conduction and muscle contraction.
Sodium Salt, eggs, meat, vegetables. Participate in nerve conduction and muscle contraction.
Sulfur Eggs, meat and vegetables. Participate in important amino acids; act as a coenzyme.
Micronutrients
Elements Main sources Main functions
Chrome Meat, whole grains, brewer's yeast. Act on glucose metabolism.
Cobalt Meat. Essential for the synthesis of Vitamin B12 and the formation of red blood cells.
Copper Liver, fish, whole grains, meat in general. Hemoglobin production, activator of many enzymes.
Iodide (Ion I) Fish, seafood. Thyroid hormone component.
Fluoride (Ion F) Water supply. Strengthen teeth and prevent tooth decay.
Manganese Offal, whole grains, vegetables, coffee, teas. Activator of many enzymes.
Molybdenum

Guts, vegetables, whole grains, legumes.

Essential for the functioning of some enzymes.
Selenium Meat, seafood, eggs, whole grains. Participate in fat metabolism.
Iron Liver, meat, vegetables, eggs, whole grains. Hemoglobin constituents.
Zinc Liver, fish, shellfish. Participate in insulin metabolism.