In details

Glossary - Letter D


D - Vitamin D or calciferol. Fat-soluble vitamin that fights rickets. Main sources: Of animal origin, this vitamin is formed through reactions that occur with provitamins in the skin when the individual sunbathes.

Decomposers - organisms that transform dead organic matter into simple inorganic matter that can be reused by the living world. They comprise most fungi and bacteria. Same as saprophytes.

Desmosomes - Plasma membrane specialization that allows better adhesion between neighboring cells. Also known as macula adherens.

Deoxyribonucleic Acid - Same as DNA.

Deoxyribose - Sugar with 5 carbon atoms in the molecule (pentose), component of the DNA molecule.

Diatom - A species of protist algae that stores a large amount of diatom in your body.

Dicotyledonous (From Greek: kotyedon, cup-shaped cavity) subclass of angiosperms, in which there are two seed leaves, or cotyledons, in addition to other distinct characteristics.

Dinoflagellates - Protist algae known as pyrrophy. They are known to cause a phenomenon called red tide.

Diploid - Cell containing two genomes. Symbolized by (2n).

Dyspnea - Shortness of breath. Breathing difficulty.

Cell Division- Process by which a cell divides into two others; It is through this process that prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells reproduce; Eukaryotic cell mitosis is a type of cell division.

DNA - Nucleic acid type consisting of deoxyribose, phosphate and the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine; the DNA molecule is double stranded, helically arranged (double helix); In the DNA, the hereditary information is written in code.

Dominant - Dominant genes. One that expresses itself in both homozygosis and heterozygosis.

Numbness - It is the period that the seed takes to germinate after being in favorable environment.

Down - See Down syndrome.

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