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Genital condyloma is a lesion in the genital region caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The disease is also known as rooster crest, fig tree or crested horse.
HPV causes cauliflower-like warts of varying sizes on the genitals. It may also be related to the appearance of some cancers, especially in the cervix, but also in the penis or anus. However, not every case of HPV infection will cause cancer.
Infection by HPV it is very common. This virus is transmitted by direct contact with contaminated skin, even when it has no visible lesions. Transmission may also occur during oral sex. There is also the possibility of contamination through objects such as towels, underwear, toilets or bathtubs.
There is no 100% safe form of prevention as HPV can be transmitted even through a towel or other object. Condom use is estimated to be between 70% and 80% of transmissions, and its effectiveness is not greater because the virus may be housed elsewhere, not necessarily on the penis, but also on the skin of the pubic, perineum and anus. The news is the arrival, still in 2006, of the first vaccine capable of preventing infection by the two most common types of HPV, 6 and 11, responsible for 90% of warts, and also the two most dangerous types, 16 and o 18, responsible for 70% of cervical cancer cases. Still under discussion the values for dose (3 doses), for the Brazilian private market.
Most of the time men do not manifest the disease. Still, they are transmitters of the virus. As for women, it is important for them to have a cervical cancer screening exam, known as a "Pap smear" or a preventive exam, regularly.
The treatment of HPV can be done through several methods: chemical, chemotherapeutic, immunotherapeutic and surgical. Most of them will destroy the diseased tissue.