Paper is one of the most used products in everyday tasks. When it is no longer being used, it can go through a recycling process that ensures its reuse in the production of recycled paper.
Recycled paper has almost all the characteristics of plain paper, but its color may vary depending on the paper used in the recycling process.
Recycling paper is of utmost importance for the environment. As we know, paper is produced through the pulp of certain types of trees.
When we recycle paper or buy recycled paper we are contributing to the environment as trees are no longer being cut down. We must not forget, too, that paper recycling generates income for thousands of people in Brazil who work mainly in waste pickers and recyclers cooperatives.
One of the most important steps in the paper recycling process is the separation and selective collection of paper. In companies, condominiums and other places there are spaces for the disposal of paper.
Recyclable paper types
Types of paper that can be recycled: bond paper, cardboard, product packaging boxes, gift paper, notebook sheets, and more.
How to make recycled paper at home (home recycling)
- paper and water
- basins: shallow and deep
- wood frame with nylon screen or straight sieve
- hollow wood frame (without screen)
- newspaper or felt
- cloth (eg morim)
- sponges or rags
- clothesline and preachers
- press or two wooden boards
- concave sieve (with "belly")
Method of preparation:
A - Preparing the pulp
Shred the paper and soak for a day or night in the shallow bowl to soften. Put water and paper in the blender, in the ratio of three parts water to one part paper. Beat for ten seconds and hang up. Wait a minute and tap again for another ten seconds. The pulp is ready.
B - Making the role
- Pour the pulp into a large bowl larger than the frame.
- Place the hollow frame over the canvas frame. Dip the frame vertically and lay it on the bottom of the bowl.
- Hang them still horizontally, very slowly, so that the pulp is deposited on the screen. Wait for excess water to drain into the basin and carefully remove the leaking frame.
- Turn the frame with the pulp down on a newspaper or cloth.
- Remove excess water with a sponge.
- Raise the frame, leaving the still damp sheet of craft paper on the newspaper or morin.
C- Pressing the leaves
To make your sheets of craft paper dry faster and the interlacing of the fibers is firmer, make stacks with the newspaper as follows:
- Stack three sheets of newspaper with craft paper. Merge with six sheets of newspaper or a piece of felt and place three more sheets of newspaper with paper. Continue to form a stack of 12 sheets of craft paper.
- Put the stack of sheets in the press for 15 minutes. If you do not have a press, put the stack of sheets on the floor and press with a piece of wood.
- Hang newspaper sheets with craft paper on the clothesline until they dry completely. Remove each sheet of paper from the newspaper or morin and stack it with them. Put this stack in the press for 8 hours or inside a heavy book for a week.
D- Decorative effects
- Mix with pulp: thread, gauze, wool, onion peel or garlic peel, tea bag, flower petals and other fibers.
- Beat in a blender with the shredded paper: wrapping paper, onion or garlic peel.
Put on the still wet sheet: string, pieces of cardboard, knit cloth or crochet. In this case the drying will be natural - no need to press with the piece of wood.
- To have colored paper: Beat crepe paper with water in a blender and add this mixture to the pulp. Another option is to add gouache or aniline directly to the pulp.
- The nylon screen should be well stretched, secured to the frame by thumbtacks or staples.
- Reuse any remaining water in the basin to get more paper into the blender
- Keep the remaining pulp: sift and squeeze with a cloth. Store still wet (in a plastic pot in the freezer) or dry (in a cotton bag).
- The pulp should still be stored at room temperature.